Firstly, because medical facilities in Yemen are lacking essential materials such as clean water, diseases that are easily treatable are deadly. About 80 per cent of the Yemeni population is malnourished, forced to drink unclean water and cannot afford health care, making them more vulnerable to diphtheria, cholera and other diseases. The current war has destroyed infrastructure and health care in Yemen.
Fact 2: Aerial bombardment hospitals in Yemen have been repeatedly destroyed and it is difficult for hospitals to provide electricity and running water permanently in light of airstrikes. The ongoing fighting did not allow the damage to medical structures to be addressed in order to address the needs of the Yemeni people. Families are often asked to take the sick and wounded to hospitals without the help of ambulances. All 22 governorates of Yemen are affected by the fighting.
Fact 3: In less than a year of fighting in Yemen, airstrikes hit 39 hospitals. Troops on both sides of the conflict blocked access to medicines and medical supplies from abroad, preventing the flow of medicines needed to treat diseases, such as cholera. This puts the Yemeni people, especially children, at risk; 144 children die every day from curable diseases and more than one million children are starving or malnourished.
Fact 4: Rural facilities, such as those in the northern highlands, cannot provide enough food for patients. Lack of food in many hospitals prevents successful treatment of malnutrition.
Fact 5: The cholera epidemic began in Yemen in 2016, a year after the beginning of the civil war. By 2017, the disease had spread rapidly. In 2019, cholera remains a serious problem in the country. It caused 2,500 deaths in Yemen during the first five months of 2019.
Fact 6: Nearly 1 million cholera cases have been reported by the end of 2017. The cholera outbreak in Yemen is the most serious since 1949. Poor water and sanitation filtration has severely affected the outbreak.
Fact 7: About 80 percent of Yemen’s population, including 12 million children, needs assistance. During the first half of 2019, cases of cholera in children increased significantly. Between January and March of 2019, 109,000 cholera cases were reported in children.
Fact 8: Between 2015 and 2018, MSF provided assistance to 973,000 patients in emergency rooms across hospitals and health centers in Yemen. MSF volunteers treated about 92,000 war-related injuries. MSF treated 114,646 cholera cases and 14,370 malnutrition cases. MSF provides vital support to Yemen’s healthcare system.
Fact 9: USAID is working with UNICEF and WHO to provide health care assistance to Yemen, with a particular focus on maternal, infant and child health. In 2017, USAID trained 360 health care workers in 180 facilities to treat child health problems. They also received materials from USAID. In addition, they are working with UNDP to improve working conditions throughout Yemen, including the health care sector.
Fact 10: During FY19-19, USAID provided $ 720,854,296 in aid to Yemen.
This aid financed a variety of projects, such as repaired water plants to ensure improved access to clean water. The United States also funds WASH, a program that aims to improve access to water, sanitation and hygiene. The ultimate goal of the WASH program is to improve health care in Yemen, especially for the rural poor.
Yemen’s health-care system is in dire need of emergency assistance. The war-ravaged government cannot meet the medical needs of its people, especially in light of the ongoing cholera epidemic, as the efforts of USAID and other aid organizations can provide the support that Yemen’s health care system needs at this time.
And remember, the Saudis and Emiratis are completely to blame for this……